Social Work Theories
Why Are Social Work Theories and Practice Important?
Social Learning Theory
Family Systems Theory
Rational Choice Theory
Psychosocial Development Theory
- Infants (birth to 18 months) begin by learning trust versus mistrust (Can I trust this person?)
- Early childhood (up to age 2 or 3), when children progress to understanding autonomy versus shame and doubt (I can do it by myself!)
- Preschool (between ages 3 and 5), when children advance to initiative vs. guilt (Am I good or bad?)
- Older kids (between about 6 and 11) learn to understand industry versus inferiority (How do I earn approval?)
- Adolescents (between ages 12 and 18) progress to identity versus role confusion (Who am I?)
- Young adults (between 18 to 40) learn to understand intimacy versus isolation (Am I loved or am I alone?)
- Middle-aged adults (between 40 and 65) advance to generativity versus stagnation (What is my purpose? How do I contribute?)
- Mature adults (age 65 and older) can experience integrity versus despair (What did my life mean?).